February 2015 Trivia

The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

Passed by Congress June 4, 1919. Ratified August 18, 1920. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Q. The U.S. Secretary of State advises the president on foreign affairs, and travels across the globe to meet with world leaders. Besides being a diplomat, that person also heads the U.S. Department of State, helping to enforce foreign policy set by the president. Who was the first female Secretary of State? A. Condaleezza Rice, a Republican under Pres. George W. Bush B. Hillary Clinton, a Democrat under Pres. Barack Obama C. Madeleine Albright, a Democrat under Pres. Bill Clinton A. Madeleine Albright became the first Secretary of State when she was appointed in 1997. Born in Czechoslovakia, she was also the first foreign-born woman to serve in the Cabinet. http://www.biography.com/people/madeleine-albright-9179300 Q. The U.S. Secretary of Labor is the head of the U.S. Department of Labor and enforces and suggests laws involving unions, the workplace and other labor issues. Who was the first female Secretary of Labor? A. Frances Perkins, a Democrat under Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt B. Elizabeth Dole, a Republican under Pres. George H.W. Bush C. Hilda Solis, a Democrat under Pres. Barack Obama A. Frances Perkins was the first Secretary of Labor. She was also the first woman to serve in the Cabinet and was appointed in 1933 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. http://www.biography.com/people/frances-perkins-9437840 Q. The U.S. Secretary of Education is the head of the Department of Education. That person is responsible for maintaining policies and improving the educational system from kindergarten to universities. Who was the first female Secretary of Education? A. Hazel O’Leary, a Democrat under Pres. Bill Clinton B. Shirley Hufstedler, a Democrat under Jimmy Carter C. Margaret Spellings, a Republican under Pres. George W. Bush A. Shirley Ann Mount Hufstedler served as the first United States Secretary of Education, under President Jimmy Carter. She was born August 24, 1925, and was also a lawyer and judge. http://www.mofo.com/people/h/hufstedler-shirley-m How it Works: The U.S. president nominates Cabinet officers, who are presented to the Senate for confirmation or rejection on a simple majority vote. If approved, they are sworn in and begin their duties.