Apr 19, 2021

Student Forum Newsletter for May 2021 (Vaccine Passports & Dream Act)

On March 31, President Joe Biden called for a $2 trillion investment in the nation’s roads, waterways, airports, electric grid and broadband by releasing his American Jobs Plan. The proposal provides funding for infrastructure, clean energy, innovation and R&D (research and development), manufacturing and workplace support, and the care-giving economy.

Mar 17, 2021

Student Forum Newsletter - April 2021 (H.R.1 and DC Statehood)

All 'Ayes' on the Senate, Part II: The filibuster is a tactic used in the U.S. Senate to block or delay action on a bill or other measure. A filibustering senator may endlessly debate an issue, introduce time-consuming procedural motions, or use any other means to obstruct or prevent action. Senators have done everything from reading Shakespeare to reciting the Constitution to hold the floor.

Feb 16, 2021

Student Forum Newsletter for March 2021 (Minimum Wage and Keystone XL)

All ‘Ayes’ on the Senate: As of Feb. 6, the Senate had confirmed six out of 23 of President Joe Biden’s Cabinet members so far. If all Cabinet members are approved, it will be the most diverse array of presidential counselors ever. But can Biden get them confirmed by the Senate? Democrats’ narrow control of the chamber has made the process smoother for Biden’s nominees thus far, but Republicans have managed to slow-walk others, who could prove more contentious.

Jan 18, 2021

Student Forum Newsletter for February 2021 (Paris Climate Agreement and Dream Act)

On Jan. 3, the 117th Congress convened in Washington, D.C. for the first time, during the final weeks of Donald Trump’s presidency, and will end on Jan. 3, 2023; it will meet during the first two years of Joe Biden’s presidency. The 2020 elections decided control of both houses. The Democratic Party retained their majority in the House and flipped the Republican Senate majority following two runoff elections held in Georgia and Kamala Harris’s assumption of the vice presidency.

Nov 16, 2020

Student Forum Newsletter for December 2020 (Social Media Bias and Universal Basic Income)

With votes still being counted, turnout in the 2020 presidential election has hit a 50-year high, exceeding the record set by the 2008 presidential election. As of Nov. 9, the tallied votes accounted for 62% of the eligible voting-age population. The sheer number of votes also set records. So far, 148 million votes have been tallied, with Democrat Joe Biden winning more than 75 million—the highest number for a presidential candidate in history. Trump received more than 70 million—the highest total for a losing candidate.

Oct 30, 2020

Teacher Spotlight on Amber Konzem in Richardson, TX

Although she has spent 24 years of her life working with school-age students in various capacities—from subbing to working with at-risk students and scouting—Amber Konzem has spent all seven years of her official teaching career at Lloyd V. Berkner High School in Richardson, Texas. An affluent inner suburb of Dallas, Richardson is home to the University of Texas at Dallas and the Telecom Corridor; more than 5,000 businesses have operations within Richardson’s 28 square miles. Berkner High School is one of four public high schools in the Richardson Independent School District, and it is where Konzem teaches U.S. Government, Economics and Personal Finance to 11th and 12th graders.

Oct 16, 2020

Student Forum Newsletter for November 2020 (TikTok and Student Loan Debt)

On Sept. 26, President Donald Trump nominated Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court to fill the vacancy created by Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s death on Sept. 18. Barrett’s confirmation hearing began on Oct. 12. Barrett is an American attorney, jurist and academic who serves as a circuit judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. Before and while serving on the federal bench, she has been a professor of law at Notre Dame Law School, where she has taught civil procedure, constitutional law, and statutory interpretation.

Sep 17, 2020

Student Forum Newsletter for October 2020 (Electoral College and 2020 Election)

For this month’s Student Voice Vote, it’s time to make your voice heard as a student participating in the Student Governmental Affairs Program (SGAP). In this newsletter, you will be asked to make your voice heard on an issue facing the country: Who should be elected president of the United States in the 2020 election?

Aug 27, 2020

Teacher Spotlight -Jill Villasana from Columbia, Missouri

With 20 years of teaching experience, Jill Villasana has always been a high-energy kind of teacher, which makes teaching students virtually during the COVID-19 pandemic feel “different.” “If a student wants to work on their assignments virtually at 11 p.m. or 6 in the morning, they have the option to do that and can get extra hours at work or care for their family members,” Villasana says. “Allowing students flexibility to work on school when they want to is an obvious benefit. For our students that plan to go to college, they are certainly being expected to manage a more collegiate schedule and work ethic.”

Aug 06, 2020

Student Forum Newsletter for September 2020 (Confederate Statues and DACA)

Amid a pandemic, a summer of civil unrest...

Apr 15, 2020

SGAP Teacher Spotlight May No. 2 (Kim Ball - Bountiful, Utah)

Nestled at the base of the majestic, snow-capped mountains of the Wasatch Range, the city of Bountiful, Utah, serves as a suburb of Salt Lake City and is home to Bountiful High School, where Kim Ball teaches AP U.S. Government and other subjects to 10th, 11th and 12th graders. Ball, who has 17 years of teaching experience, says teaching with a distance-learning format during the COVID-19 pandemic has required her to quickly adapt.

Apr 17, 2020

Student Forum Newsletter for May 2020 (Surveillance Law and Equal Rights Amendment)

Mar 26, 2020

SGAP Teacher Spotligt for May 2020 (Paul Martin in Friend, Nebraska)

The coronavirus pandemic has changed Americans’ lives dramatically, and one profession greatly affected by these changes is teaching. Like so many teachers today, Paul Martin has had to quickly shift from in-person teaching to a distance-learning format for his classes due to school closures where he teaches.

Mar 17, 2020

Student Forum Newsletter - April 2020 (Minimum Wage and War Powers)

Feb 25, 2020

SGAP Teacher Spotlight for April 2020 (Stephen Kimbrough in Addison, Texas)

SGAP Teacher Spotlight for April 2020.

Feb 17, 2020

Student Forum Newsletter - March 2020 (Refugees & Fuel Standards)

Jan 17, 2020

2019 SGAP Student Voting Results Infographic

Jan 17, 2020

Student Forum Newsletter - February 2020 (Longer School Day & Balanced Budget Amendment)

Nov 22, 2019

SGAP Impact Teacher Survey Results Fall 2019

Nov 19, 2019

Student Forum Newsletter for December 2019 (Cryptocurrency and Subminimum Wage)

Oct 18, 2019

Student Forum Newsletter for November 2019 (E-Cigarettes and Vaccines)

Issue 1: E-Cigarettes Issue 2: Vaccines

Sep 18, 2019

Student Forum Newsletter for October 2019 (Prescription Drug Prices and Alaska Drilling)

Aug 16, 2019

Infographic of the Month for September 2019

Aug 16, 2019

Student Forum Newsletter for September 2019 (Debt Ceiling and Reparations)

Issue 1: Debt Ceiling; Issue 2: Reparations

Jun 18, 2019

SGAP Teacher Spotlight for October 2019 (Amber Hale, Evansville, IN) |

Vital Stats

Name: Amber Hale
Title: Social Studies Teacher
School Name: F.J. Reitz High School
City, State: Evansville, IN
Subject(s) Taught: Government and Economics
Grade(s)Taught: 12
No. of Years Teaching: 20


Although Amber Hale’s teaching career spans 20 years, this social studies teacher is in tune with today’s trends. She understands that technology is changing the way the education system works and embraces these changes. “Technology has greatly changed teaching for the better, and I believe it will continue to do so,” Hale says.

Hale uses the SGAP program to teach Government and Economics to her 12th grade students at F.J. Reitz High School, a public school in Evansville, Indiana. The school is a member of the third largest school district in the state—a district that places special emphasis on technology.


1:1 Technology Initiative

To ensure all students have the same access to technology and the tools they will in the 21st century, the district implemented a one-to-one initiative, providing all high school students their own take-home computer.

“Due to the one-to-one initiative, students can now research and find information that is current and relevant on a daily basis,” Hale says. “We can explore so much more material because it is at our fingertips. We use our Chromebooks every day.”

In addition to student devices, all classrooms are equipped with Activeboard and Activesound technology to support teaching and learning.

“Because our classroom is online, students have access to materials, video and links that I post, and they submit online as well,” Hale says. “This allows for more in-depth learning and instruction. This is also nice for when they have to miss class due to a field trip, etc.”


Timely and Timeless

Despite teaching in an environment supported by today’s technology, Hale’s approach to classroom management remains timeless. “As for classroom management, I try to use the Golden Rule,” she says. “I treat them with kindness and respect, and I expect it in return.”

She says her teaching philosophy centers on the principles of student empowerment. “Every child has different strengths and should be encouraged to explore them,” Hale says. “One day, they will be the ones handed the reigns to our great country. We need to prepare them to be educated decision makers and active citizens.”


Current and Future

As an educator who has used the SGAP program in her classes for several years, Hale believes in the power of engaging students in classroom discussions using current events. She says staying current on the news and current events is a tough but rewarding part of her job.

“It is imperative to always present multiple perspectives and let the kids discuss their ideas and opinions in an educated, controlled environment,” Hale says. “Trying to tie real life into my classroom is very important to me so that the students ‘buy in.’”

In the future, Hale hopes her students leave her classroom knowing that she genuinely cares about them and about the subjects she teaches.

“I had a veteran teacher tell me once, ‘The most important thing a child leaves your classroom with is their ego,’ and it has always stuck in my mind,” she says. “It does not do anyone any good to embarrass students or tear them down.” 


May 14, 2019

SGAP Teacher Spotlight - Erin Le Francois (Mammoth Lakes, CA)

Vital Stats

Name: Erin Le Francois
Title: Department Head, Teacher
School Name: Mammoth High School
City, State: Mammoth Lakes, CA
Subject(s) Taught: American Gov’t, US History, AP US, AP Gov’t/Politics and AP Comparative Politics
Grade(s )Taught: 11/12
No. of Years Teaching: 26

Twenty-six years ago, Erin Le Francois began her career as an educator and—for the past 20 years—she’s used SGAP in her classroom. “A parent mentioned the SGAP program to me, and I signed up,” she says. “In my government classes, we discuss current events every Friday.”

Go Tell it on the Mountain

Today, Le Francois serves as a social studies teacher and department head at a four-year public high school in Mammoth Lakes, California. The mountain resort community is home to Mammoth Mountain, the West Coast’s largest ski area. Situated in the Eastern Sierra Nevada Mountains, Mammoth Lakes is about 164 miles south of Reno, Nevada, and 325 miles north of Los Angeles.

In her classes at Mammoth High School, Le Francois uses SGAP in a variety of ways. “Sometimes we just read the Student Forum newsletter topics and discuss,” she explains. “Sometimes we will use the discussion questions. Recently, we’ve been incorporating further in-depth study online with the resources provided.”


As an educator with more than two decades of teaching experience, Le Francois has learned to focus on the essentials in her approach to classroom management. “In my classes I have one rule: respect,” Le Francois says. “We build from there. As long as everyone is respectful, we can have open dialogue and trust.”

Respecting others is especially important in today’s polarized political climate. “Government has been interesting to teach these past few years,” Le Francois admits. “I always work to present an unbiased version of things, but for me this has gotten more challenging as I get older.”

The Way We Were

Technology has presented both challenges and opportunities to social studies teachers, Le Francois says. “Social media and media in general are changing so fast that I feel these will influence all teachers,” she adds. “Cell phones are another trend that has impacted teaching. Getting students to interact and discuss topical issues is always challenging.”

Le Francois says what she wants her students to remember most about her class is the importance of asking questions and thinking critically.

“I want students to remember to think before they make a snap judgement, that people are innocent until proven guilty,” she says. “I want them to remember to treat people equally and not rush to judge. Be kind, help others and give back to the community that raised you.”


Apr 18, 2019

Student Forum Newsletter for May 2019 (Green New Deal)

Issue 1: Green New Deal Issue 2: Capitalism v. Socialism

Mar 20, 2019

Student Forum Newsletter April 2019 (National Emergency and Civil Asset Forfeiture) |

Issue 1: National Emergency Issue 2: Civil Asset Forfeiture

Feb 15, 2019

2018 Nationwide Student Voting Results Infographic

Feb 15, 2019

Student Forum Newsletter - March 2019 (Gun Control Laws and Vaccines) |

Issue 1: Gun Control Laws Issue 2: Vaccines

Jan 21, 2019

U.S. Trade and Tariffs Infographic |

Jan 21, 2019

Student Forum Newsletter - February 2019 (Troops in Syria + Food Stamps and Work |

Issue 1: Troops in Syria; Issue 2: Food Stamps and Work

Jan 21, 2019

Student Forum Newsletter - December 2018 (Birthright Citizenship and Balanced Budget Amendment)

Issue 1: Birthright Citizenship Issue 2: Balanced Budget Amendment

Oct 16, 2018

Student Forum Newsletter - November 2018 (Smoking Age and Tech Regulations) I

SGAP's Student Forum Newsletter for November 2018 discusses these issues: 1) minimum legal sales age for tobacco products 2) tech regulations.

Sep 19, 2018

Student Forum Newsletter - October 2018 (Minimum Wage and Fuel Efficiency Standards for Cars)

SGAP's Student Forum Newsletter for October 2018 discusses these issues: 1) minimum wage 2) fuel-efficiency standards for cars.

Sep 10, 2018

Civil Discourse in the United States Infographic

During a divisive time for our country, SGAP looks at civil discourse in the United States.

Sep 07, 2018

SGAP Teacher Spotlight for October 2018 (Stephanie Cooper in Boyd, TX)

Name:  Stephanie Cooper
Title: Teacher, Social Studies Department Team Leader
School Name: Boyd High School
City, State: Boyd, TX
Subject(s) Taught: U.S. Government, Economics, Sociology, Psychology, and Junior/Senior Seminar
Grade(s) Taught: 10th, 11th and 12th grades
No. of Years Teaching: 10 years
Honors: 2008 James Madison Fellow for the State of Oklahoma; Oklahoma Governor’s Commendation; Durant High Teacher of the Year (2005 and 2007); United States Air Force Veteran


In the large state of Texas lies a small town named Boyd, located about 30 miles northwest from the Dallas-Fort Worth metro area, where Stephanie Cooper teaches social studies classes at the town’s public high school.

Cooper, who also serves as team leader of the social studies department, says her greatest teaching challenge is bringing to light the importance of social studies in an educational climate where schools prioritize the STEM subjects.

I think the greatest challenge is that emphasis in schools is placed on state-tested subjects such as math, science and English,” Cooper says. “The way our government works is vital knowledge for soon-to-be voting citizens, but I think it takes a back seat to math and science now.”


Why Active Citizenry Matters

Cooper says not placing an importance on teaching U.S. Government has far-reaching effects on the fabric of American society. “The effects I see, and have seen for quite some time, are low participation in voting by young people, not knowing how basic federal, state, and local government works, and no appreciation for how our Constitution came to be,” she says.

As a military veteran of the United States Air Force, Cooper says her experience serving her country has significantly influenced her teaching. “My experience in the U.S. Air Force has caused me to focus on the subject of U.S. Government and to make sure young people know the sacrifices that have come before them,” she says.


Spotlighting Social Studies

To bring to light the importance of social studies, Cooper believes social studies educators must keep finding new ways to educate youth. “Make sure to use opportunities such as Patriot Day, Constitution Day, and Freedom Week to put history and our country in the forefront,” she adds.

Cooper has also seen a rise in students’ interest in active participation as a result of school shootings such as the one in Parkland, Florida. “Young people are beginning to become more involved, largely because of school policies and dangers they now face in schools,” she says. “Students are nearly forced to participate in politics and government because their security and safety are on the line.”

“In fact, their future in general depends on how much they know about their government, and how much they participate,” Cooper continues. “There is a very real opportunity for young people to make their mark and lead in the way in how the United States government runs.”

Aug 17, 2018

Student Forum Newsletter - September 2018 (Supreme Court and Bullying Laws)

SGAP's Student Forum Newsletter for September 2018 discusses these issues: 1) Judge Brett Kavanaugh's confirmation to Supreme Court 2) Anti-Bullying Laws

Aug 08, 2018

SGAP Teacher Spotlight for September 2018 (Jill Anne Hahn, Evansville, IN) |

“My teaching philosophy is to educate all of my students by bringing the outside world into the classroom.”

- Jill Anne Hahn

Name:  Jill Anne Hahn
Title: Coordinator of Randall T. Shepard Leadership and Law Academy; Secondary High School Teacher at Evansville Harrison High School
School Name: Evansville Harrison High School and Randall T. Shepard Leadership and Law Academy
City, State: Evansville, Indiana
Subject(s) Taught: CAP Government, CAP Economics, We The People Constitutional Law course, Economics, Government, International Relations and Current Events
Grade(s) Taught: Seniors
No. of Years Teaching: 29 years
Honors: Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Economic Educator Advisory Board; Indiana Council of Social Studies award: Stan Harris Social Studies Citizen Award; Veterans of Foreign Wars Teacher of the Year Award from the National Guard; Leadership Evansville Professional Education Leadership Nominee; Olin B. Davis Exemplary Teaching of Economics Award; Randall T. Shepard iCivics Outstanding Teacher in Vanderburgh Co.; Indiana Supreme Court Award; Senator Lugar Symposium, Guest speaker on Nuclear Armament, Evansville Courier Press Outstanding Educator Nominee, Indiana Government Teacher of the Year presented by Senator Lugar


As an educator who serves in dual roles – a social studies teacher at a public high school and a program coordinator for a four-year college preparatory school – Jill Anne Hahn is one busy education professional. Her long list of honors and awards is a reflection of her commitment to excellence in education.

Hahn believes Government and Economics are two of the most important subjects that will affect students’ daily lives, now and in the future.

“My teaching philosophy is to educate all of my students by bringing the outside world into the classroom,” Hahn says. “By studying current events, plus international relations, students can actually see how the outside world impacts them."

One way Hahn teaches her students about current events is through the SGAP program. “I love SGAP and have been using it for 20 years,” Hahn says. “I feel that the future of our students looks extremely bright thanks to all the tools we have to teach them such as SGAP.”


Living to Give

Hahn’s philosophy doesn’t only focus on how the external world impacts students, but also how students’ internal landscapes impact the external world.

“I am big on giving of one's self,” Hahn says. “Each student is required to give 10 hours of their semester to service learning, as part of their civic duty as Americans. I'm amazed at how many students come back years later and tell me their volunteer service inspired a career or they continued giving of themselves.”

This reminder to give back is much-needed in today’s fast-paced society. “Students have so many outside distractions in today's world, whether it be too much social media, or issues at home,” Hahn says. “My role has changed over the years from just being a teacher and now also includes being a student advocate.”


Rolling with the Changes

In her 29 years of teaching, Hahn has witnessed many changes in the field of education, including those inspired by technology. A benefit of today’s technology is social media, Hahn says, because it has enabled her to stay in touch with her former students.

“Students remind me of what I taught them and many times we have civic discussion over various matters,” she says. “Often, I remind them that they must continue what I taught them because, after all, they are my legacies.”             

Jul 30, 2018

Urban vs. Rural in the United States Infographic 2

Over time, the U.S. has transformed from a primarily rural society to a primarily urban society. SGAP looks at key dates in American urbanization.

Jul 17, 2018

Modernization of American Society Throughout History Infographic 2

The modernization of American society throughout history includes electricity, personal computers, internet access and automobiles.

Apr 25, 2018

Teacher Spotlight for May 2018 - Jill Auten of Edmond, OK

Teacher Spotlight for May 2018 is Jill Auten of Edmond, OK.

Mar 22, 2018

Divided Politics in America Infographic

The 2016 election was one of the most polarizing in modern history. Many people were divided on the issues and felt compelled to go to the polls. And while negative feelings towards the other party are nothing new, the growing contempt that both Republicans and Democrats have for the opposing party has grown broader and deeper than in the past.

Apr 19, 2018

SGAP Student Forum Newsletter - May 2018

Mar 22, 2018

How Americans Access Health Care

How do people get health care in the USA? Group plan? Medicare? ACA Marketplace? CHIP? SGAP reviews health insurance options for Americans in this infographic!

Mar 22, 2018

The Value of the Dollar Infographic

It comes as no surprise that a dollar today is worth much less than it was in the past. Inflation marks a decrease in the dollar’s purchasing power. As prices for goods and services increase, each dollar can buy less than it could before. The American dollar has lost a lot of purchasing power in the last 100 years.

Mar 22, 2018

Volunteerism in the USA Infographic

A look at volunteerism in the USA.

Mar 22, 2018

SGAP 2017 Student Voice Voting Results (Nationwide)

Here are the voting results from SGAP students across the nation for issues SGAP looked at in 2017.

Feb 27, 2018

Teacher Spotlight - Greg Baird, Murrieta, CA (April 2018)

Feb 16, 2018

Student Forum Newsletter – March 2018 (Offshore Drilling & Welfare Drug Testing)

Issue 1: Offshore Drilling in the U.S.

Jan 29, 2018

March 2018 Teacher Spotlight – David Weikel, Chattanooga

Vital Stats Name: David Weikel School Name: Notre Dame High School City, State: Chattanooga, TN Subject(s) Taught: Civics, AP Government and Politics, Public Speaking Grade(s) Taught: 9, 11 and 12 No. of Years Teaching: 14 Honors: Board of Directors for Freedoms Foundation of Valley Forge, Chattanooga Chapter

Jan 25, 2018

2017 Student Voting Results Infographic

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Jan 17, 2018

Research Links & Critical-Thinking Questions – February 2018

RESEARCH LINKS Issue 1: Net Neutrality H.R.4682 “Open Internet Preservation Act” (Text) FCC: “Restoring Internet Freedom” “In Protests of Net Neutrality Repeal, Teenage Voices Stood Out” NYT Article “The Case for Net Neutrality Repeal” Article “What the End of Net Neutrality Means for You” Time Article Fox Video: “FCC Votes to Repeal Net Neutrality”

Jan 17, 2018

Volunteerism in the United States Infographic

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Jan 17, 2018

Student Forum Newsletter – February 2018 (Net Neutrality and Diversity Visa Lottery)

Issue 1: Net Neutrality

Dec 19, 2017

Soldiers from Sea to Shining Sea: U.S. Military Population Infographic

Which states have the most and least Active Duty military? What percent of military members are under age 25? SGAP salutes  the U.S. military population in this infographic! [gview file=""]

Dec 13, 2017

Tried & True: Evolution of Military History Infographic

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Nov 30, 2017

U.S. Southwest Border Enforcement Infographic

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Nov 08, 2017

Student Forum Newsletter - December 2017

Issue 1: Charter Schools Issue 2: Debt Ceiling

Nov 06, 2017

Military Population Infographic

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Nov 06, 2017

Military History Part II - Minorities Infographic

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